An Assessment Of Vicarious Trauma On The Social Behavior Of Police Officers’ Wives In Kenya: A Case Of National Police Wives’ Welfare Association

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School of Applied Human Sciences, Daystar University


ABSTRACT The study aimed to assess the impact of vicarious trauma on the social behaviour of police officers' wives in Kenya and develop a psychological intervention framework to support police officers and their families. Recognizing the importance of psychosocial interventions for those exposed to traumatic situations, particularly spouses of police officers, was a key aspect. The research had three main objectives: determine the prevalence of vicarious trauma among wives of police officers in the National Police Wives’ Welfare Association in Kenya, analyze the social behaviour characteristics of these wives, and explore the relationship between vicarious trauma and social behaviour in this group. Data collection involved a mixed-methods approach, utilizing questionnaires and key informant interviews. The study included 114 spouses of police officers, with a majority affiliated with the National Police Wives’ Welfare Association in Kenya. Purposive sampling was employed. Recommendations from the study encompassed the National Police Service taking responsibility for the National Police Wives’ Welfare Association, the development of psychological intervention strategies for police families, and the suggestion for further research to enhance the overall well-being of police families. In conclusion, the study highlights the need for appropriate intervention mechanisms for individuals, including the wives of police officers, who experience traumatic events. Creating a healthy life balance was crucial for enduring through such situations, emphasizing the importance of psychological support for police families.


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Vicarious Trauma, Social Behavior, Police Officers, Wives, Kenya